The Food and Drug Administration has warned the makers of the Brazilian Blowout that the product is “adulterated” and “misbranded,” and has requested the company comply with federal regulations.
The product has been marketed to women with curly hair and touted as a safe way to have straight hair for months at a time, and the warning letter confirms that hairstylists and their clients who used the treatment suffered eye, respiratory tract, and nervous system disorders.
“Brazilian Blowout contains methylene glycol, the liquid form of formaldehyde, which, under the conditions of use prescribed in the labeling, releases formaldehyde when hair treated with the product is heated with a blow dryer and then with a hot flat iron. Methylene glycol is a deleterious substance, which at the levels present in this product, may harm users under the conditions of use prescribed in the labeling thereof,” according to the FDA.
Labels on the Brazilian Blowout say it contains “No Formaldehyde” or is “Formaldehyde Free,” but the FDA found the presence of methylene glycol, the liquid form of formaldehyde, at levels ranging from 8.7 to 10.4 percent.
“Brazilian Blowout is misbranded because its label and labeling (including instructions for use) makes misleading statements regarding the product’s ingredients and fails to reveal material facts with respect to consequences that may result from the use of the product.”
The warning letter, dated Aug. 22, gives the makers of the Brazilian Blowout 15 business days to respond to the violations.